Free Websites at Nation2.com
Download or Read No Apparent Danger: The True Stor

Read online or Download No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz (Full PDF ebook with essay, research paper)
by Victoria Bruce



Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780060958909
Publisher:
HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date:
03/01/2002
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
272
Sales rank:
666,793
Product dimensions:
5.31(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.61(d)

Overview

 

In 1985 in Columbia, more than 23,000 people died due to the government's failure to take seriously scientists' warnings about an imminent volcanic eruption at Nevado del Ruiz. In 1993, at VolcГЎn Galeras, the death toll was smaller but no less tragic: despite seismic data that foretold possible disaster, an expedition of international scientists proceeded into the volcano. Two hours later, nine people were dead.

Expertly detailing the turbulent history of Colombia, Victoria Bruce links together the stories of the heroes, villains, survivors, and victims of these two events. No Apparent Danger is a spellbinding account of clashing cultures and the life-and-death consequences of scientific arrogance.

 

Editorial Reviews

Discover Magazine
Harrowing...offers rich insight into the untidy workings of volcanologists and science in general.

Related Subjects

  • ">Earth Science - General & Miscellaneous
  • ">Natural Disasters - Volcanoes
  • ">Science - General & Miscellaneous
  • ">Seismology & Tectonics in Geology

    Read an Excerpt

     

     

    Chapter One

     

     

    The Great Mountain

     

    Arbolito, Columbia:
    November 13, 1985

    Bernando Salazar and Fernando Gil, two young scientists working for the regional electric company, hiked up the steep ridge above the small farming village of Arbolito, Colombia. Above them, hidden by clouds, rose the sweeping summit of Nevado del Ruiz, a 17,454-foot ice-capped mountain and the highest active volcano in Colombia. Nestled within the northernmost reaches of the Andean Cordillera, the beautiful, tranquil Nevado del Ruiz symbolized security and protection to the people of the region.

    Sleeping peacefully for as long as anyone could remember, the volcano had become restless during the previous year. The gentle rumblings and the tall column of steam flowing from its crater had frightened farmers living close to the mountain's flanks and unsettled coffee growers, politicians, and scientists in the cities below, but since there had been no sizable eruption, many people in the surrounding regions stopped taking the volcano seriously. "The great mountain considers us family," the locals said. "The volcano may get a little riled up, but it would never hurt its own."

    Things had changed somewhat just two months before. On September 11, 1985, Nevado del Ruiz erupted. A thin coat of ash rained onto Manizales, the capital city of the western state of Caldas. Frightened residents swept ash from the narrow streets of their city and spoke about their mountain with the sort of concern normally reserved for an admired but volatile family matriarch.

    The prosperous metropolitan center of Manizales sat high on a ridge, andscientists had assured residents that the city was not likely to be hurt by the volcano. What did worry scientists were the many thousands who lived in the valleys and low-lying plains surrounding Nevado del Ruiz. Yet even with such a specific threat, there was no money from the federal government to monitor the volcano. The data collected by scientists were slow to be analyzed or, worse yet, ignored altogether, making it almost impossible to accurately predict an eruption and take action before it was too late.

    After the September eruption, however, Bernardo Salazar, a quiet, clean-cut civil engineer, had received a green light to add one more member to the team that had been working on Nevado del Ruiz since the beginning of the year. Salazar approached Fernando Gil, a bearded man with a booming laugh and a fellow alumnus of the University of Caldas.

    "I was working as a civil engineer when Bernardo called to ask if I wanted to work on the volcano. I told him yes, of course I did," Gil says.

    As Salazar explained to Gil by phone just days after the September eruption, they would visit all six of the seismic monitoring stations scattered around the volcano every day, by car and by foot, and gather the seismograph data. Gil would live with Salazar in Arbolito, just 3 miles northwest of the volcano's summit. They would start before dawn, Salazar explained, because the task of changing all the seismographs took the entire day. The roads that traveled around Nevado del Ruiz were cobbled with angular volcanic rocks or laid-in dirt and mud and carved by gullies. To get the broadest data possible, the seismic stations were scattered great distances over the volcano's massive cone.

    The two scientists would then evaluate each of the carbon-coated records, cataloging the time and the duration of small scribbles that appeared on the seismographs. And every other week, Salazar would make the two-hour drive down the mountain and deliver the seismographs to the team's unofficial headquarters on the eleventh floor of the Banco Cafetero building in downtown Manizales. In the office space, which the scientists referred to as Piso Once (literally, the "eleventh floor"), Marta Calvache, a young geologist, and Nestor GarcГ­a, a chemical engineer, would then send the seismographs to BogotГЎ to be analyzed by government scientists from the National Institute of Geology and Mines.

    That was the official routine -- though, in fact, no results had come back to Piso Once for over two months. Even more discouraging, the hydroelectric company that had loaned Salazar the seismograph drums wanted their equipment back to use on other projects. Salazar felt like a year of hard work was quickly coming to an unsuccessful end.

    Gil arrived in Arbolito just a week after receiving Salazar's invitation. He shared a two-room house with Salazar and two other housemates, Rafael Gonzales and Juan Duarte, technicians responsible for keeping the equipment working. The view from the front yard was the massive summit of Nevado del Ruiz, whose magnificent peak was often shrouded in thick clouds. When the clouds lifted, glaciers covering the top of the mountain looked like a menacing row of jagged shark's teeth. The ice, ribbed with gaping, sinuous crevasses, flowed from the volcano's broad summit down into steep valleys and ended in ominous pointed cusps. "It was amazingly beautiful, and I felt so fortunate," Gil says.

    The year was 1985. just over five years before, the tremendous eruption of Mount Saint Helens in Washington State rocked the scientific community. There were only a handful of scientists in the world who could accurately interpret seismic signals from an active volcano, and those specialists hadn't come to Nevado del Ruiz. "We were civil engineers and knew virtually nothing about volcanoes," says Gil. Despite their best intentions, Salazar and Gil had no idea how to interpret the small scribbles they were looking at, night after night, under the poor light of a single lamp in the cinder-block house...

    No Apparent Danger. Copyright В© by Victoria Bruce. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.

     



    where can i download No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz free ebook pdf kindle online textbook epub electronic book No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz full ebook review amazon ebay collections for android or mobile No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz for iphone, ipad txt format version, file with page numbers You can also buy order purchase No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz Kindle Edition with Audio Multimedia CD Video Hardcover New or used, Mass market paperback, cheap Audiobook price

    Lybrary: Earthquakes & Volcanoes Nature ebooks & videos

    Products 1 - 17 of 17 - : ebooks and download videos Sully 9781435152359 My First. Beneath Yellowstone National Park by Greg Breining No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado Del Ruiz Elastic Wave Propagation and .

    Peanuts: Love Is. 2011 Wall Calendar book by Charles Schultz - David

    Dec 4, 2013 - 2011 Wall Calendar ebook freeType: ebook pdf, ePub Publisher: Graphique de Read/Download My Step Billionaire 2 for 1 Bundle (stepbrother stepsister bareback sex steamy erotica romance cuckold mfm) (eBook) free pdf. Calendar Love Wall 2011 read online; Download Calendar Love Wall 2011. /2014/01/27/no-apparent-danger-the-true-story-of-volcanic-disaster-at-galeras-and-nevado-del-ruiz-ebook-by- .

    Miles Aircraft Since 1925 book by Don Lambert Brown online - Michael

    Nov 25, 2013 - Download Miles Aircraft Since 1925 ebook freeType: ebook pdf, ePub Publisher:. Good luck. meaning there will be no more flesh vessels to hold our true body which is our soul.. book by Cherlene Pedrick RNNo Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado del Ruiz book .

    no apparent danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and.

    no apparent danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and nevado del ruiz | Read & Download Ebook no apparent danger the true story of volcanic .

    No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras.

    [ FREE ] No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras. Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and Nevado Del Ruiz free download pdf. and Nevado Del Ruiz ebook pdf, made him believe in epub, No Apparent Danger: The True Story of .

    Volcano Cowboys: The Rocky Evolution of a Dangerous Science by.

    Volcano Cowboys has 112 ratings and 23 reviews Download/Read The Arrangement 1 (eBook).. Kindle eBook; Amazon. No Apparent Danger: The True Story of Volcanic Disaster at Galeras and .

    Meteorology today - presentations

    Mar 1, 2016 - Whether you choose a bound book or eBook, METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning experience. You Can Download the PDF Here http://bit.ly/1T2NmOl Powered by TCPDF (). No apparent danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and nevado del ruiz.

    no apparent danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and.

    danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and nevado del ruiz as PDF for Read/Download Justice League (2011-) #41 (NOOK Comic with Zoom View) (eBook) free pdf. NEVADO DEL RUIZ PDF - Are you looking for Ebook no apparent danger the. at galeras and nevado del ruiz | Get Read & Download Ebook no apparent.

    Kizz MyAnthia » Analysis

    Tesla: Model X Accident Caused By Driver Error, about Mark's other work, Not Autopilot · $30M. american heart association · American Horror Story · American Horror Story: Hotel .

    Introduction to proteins structure function and motion - SlideShare

    Mar 4, 2016 -. message goes here. no profile picture user. Click Here to Download Full PDF http://bit.ly/pdf_rj Powered by TCPDF (). Neuroanatomy through clinical cases second edition text with interactive ebook. No apparent danger the true story of volcanic disaster at galeras and nevado del ruiz Download/Read The New Strong's Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, Supersaver ebook online.